-N.L. & D.C.
For both process below, to finish the project, ink the block with a brayer then print on paper using either a baren or printing press.
Linoleum-Once you have decided on a design you would like to carve, draw the design on the piece of linoleum with a washable marker. Keep a wet sponge or paper towel handy so that mistakes can be “erased” from the block. Your design will be a mirror image, so keep that in mind if including text. Next decide if the area you drew is going to be carved away, or if the negative space is going to be carved away. Once you have decided, begin carving with the cutting tool, away from your body. Go slowly, and try to keep the tool steady…sometimes the tool can jump if your carving is inconsistent. A bench hook will keep the linoleum still while cutting without putting your fingers in danger of being cut. Here is a link and another and another to more info.
|Carving along the drawing|
|Rolling with the brayer|
|Using a spoon as a barren|
Foam- Once you have decided on a design you would like to carve, draw the design on the piece of clean foam (like a meat tray) with a washable marker. Do not press too hard, sometimes the marker can create a dent in the foam. Also be careful not to lean your body weight on the foam, as that can also leave dents. Keep a wet sponge or paper towel handy so that mistakes can be “erased” from the block. Your design will be a mirror image, so keep that in mind if including text. Next decide if the area you drew is going to be carved away, or if the negative space is going to be carved away. Once you have decided begin carving the design with a wooden stylus or a ball point pen, being careful not to dig completely through the foam.
|Drawing with marker|
|Digging in with pen. use short strokes so you don't tear the foam.|
|Ink is rolled out|
Used by Artists such as Romare Bearden and Glen Alps, this is a process that became popular during wartimes in the USA due to lack of metal. You can use a brayer or paint brush or even rags to get the ink into the places you would like on your plate. If not using a printing press to print, put some newspaper between the paper and your hands while printing for a nicer result. Here is a link and another to info.
Cardboard- Use varying types of cardboard to cut out and create a design. Arrange cardboard on a larger piece of cardboard or thin wood and glue down. You can also use pre-cut adhesive fun foam or thin found objects to make this project quick and easy for younger students. It is recommended to varnish the plate if you plan to reuse it multiple times.
|Cardboard with glue as a varnish.|
|Ink rolled out.|
|Use a rag to get ink into the nooks and crannies.|
Glue- On cardboard or thin wood draw your design with pencil, then trace with glue. Tacky glue is recommended, but any think glue that doesn't spread easily will do.
|A collagraph with glue|
|Organic found objects.|
Oil pastel- On glass/plexi glass/ or lamented paper draw a design in water soluble oil pastel. Using a sponge, wet a piece of paper then put the wet side down on the image. Using a sponge wet the back side of the paper that is face down on the image. Rub the back of the paper with your hands or the back of the spoon. Peel up the paper and let dry.
|drawing with water soluble oil pastel.|
|Wet the paper|
|place wet side down and wet paper again.|
If you know a way to make the pastel print work better let us know.
Ink- 1. Roll a thin layer of ink on glass/plexi glass/ or laminated paper. Place paper on top of ink, and carefully draw an image on the paper without putting hand down. Peel paper up and you should see the image that was drawn on the back in ink on the front.
|rolling ink on laminated paper.|
|Careful not to lay hand down when drawing|
|The result with too much ink.|
|The result with a thin layer of ink|
2. Quickly paint a design on glass/ plexi glass/ or lamented paper with printing ink. Place a piece of paper on the painting, rub with hands, and pull paper up.
|Painting with ink on laminated paper.|
|Press paper into ink.|
Screen- One inexpensive method of screen printing uses fine a mesh such as tulle or pantyhose pulled taut in an embroidery hoop. The design can be drawn directly on to the mesh or traced from a pre-drawn sketch. Use Mod Podge, glue, masking ink, or acrylic paint to mask all areas with that you want to remain white. After thoroughly dry, draw a line of ink across the top of the image and carefully squeegee the ink down in a single stroke, if possible. An old credit card or hotel room key can be used as a squeegee. Carefully lift to reveal your image.
|Tulle pullet tight in hoop|
|Draw design, block out areas you want white|
|Paint area on top of wax paper! (wax paper not shown :( )|
|When paint is dry lay down ink and pull through with credit card or squeegee (even a rubber spatula.)|
Found object- Just as the name suggests this type of printing is created by finding objects in the environment, dipping them in ink or paint and printing on paper. This creates some very nice backgrounds, but can also be used as the main focus.
Gyotaku- You can use a real fish or rubber fish. Students can use a brayer to roll ink on the fish or a paint brush. After the fish has been inked take a piece of lightweight paper and place it on top of the fish. Then rub the body of the fish with the palms of your hands and “tickle” the fins with your fingers to get all the parts of the fish on the paper. Optional: Have the students create stamps out of foam, and print them red in the corner and sign their name. Here is a link and another for more info.
When your print is dry you are going to want to sign the work. The proper method of signing prints is directly under the print using a super sharp pencil. Align the title to the left, and your signature on the right. In the middle you address the type of print that you have created.
AP- Artists proof. This is good for a trial run of a print, a first print, or if only one print was made.
3/20- The number the print was made in a series. This is the third print in a series of 20.